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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Contributions of changes in physical activity, sedentary time, diet and body weight to changes in cardiometabolic risk

  Intervention
(n = 349)
Comparison
(n = 358)
Overall
(n = 707)
  Mean SD Range Mean SD Range Mean SD Range
Age (years) 46.0 9.0 30.4 – 65.0 45.9 9.1 30.2 – 65.1 46.0 9.0 30.2 – 65.1
Body weight (kg) 104.1 16.1 71.1 – 182.9 106.1 17.3 72.5 – 185.8 105.1 17.0 71.1 – 185.8
BMI (kg.m-2) 32.8 4.2 25.1 – 51.8 33.2 4.4 24.9 – 56.7 33.0 4.3 24.9 – 56.7
Waist circumference (cm) 110.3 11.3 84.6 – 157.3 111.1 12.2 85.1 – 158.2 110.7 11.8 84.6 – 158.2
Number of steps (steps per day) 8627 3334 2014 – 21886 8581 3272 1875 – 24343 8604 3251 1875 – 24343
Stepping time (min.day-1) 108 37 27 – 240 109 39 27 – 323 109 38 27 – 324
Standing time (min.day-1) 254 86 70 – 523 248 84 80 – 596 251 85 70 – 596
Sedentary time (min.day-1) 613 111 323 – 937 622 115 307 – 1057 618 113 307 – 1057
Fatty food score (range 6.5-66.5) 18.6 5.6 0 – 42 19.3 6.0 0 – 45 18.9 5.8 0 – 45
Sugary food score (range 3-18) 5.6 3.1 0 – 18 5.7 3.4 0 – 18 5.7 3.2 0 – 18
Fruit and vegetable score (range 1-12) 3.9 2.9 0 – 12 3.8 2.6 0 – 12 3.9 2.7 0 – 12
Alcohol intake (units.week-1) 6.5 8.4 0 – 56 5.9 7.3 0 – 42 6.2 7.9 0 – 56
Fasting glucose (mmol.l-1) 4.5 0.8 2.0 – 9.6 4.7 1.6 2.2 – 19.0 4.6 1.3 2.0 – 19.0
Fasting insulin (mU.L-1) 18.0 20.1 0.9 – 155.8 19.5 24.3 1.5 – 328.1 18.7 22.3 0.9 – 328.1
HbA1c (mmol.mol-1) 34.7 7.0 19.8 – 73.8 35.6 9.4 23.8 – 109.1 35.2 8.3 19.8 – 109.1
Total cholesterol (mmol.l-1) 4.9 1.1 1.9 – 11.7 4.9 1.1 2.4 – 9.4 4.9 1.1 1.9 – 11.7
HDL cholesterol (mmol.l-1) 1.1 0.3 0.4 – 2.7 1.0 0.3 0.4 – 2.2 1.0 0.3 0.4 – 2.7
Triglycerides (mmol.l-1) 2.1 1.6 0.5 – 14.3 2.3 1.9 0.6 – 25.0 2.2 1.7 0.5 – 25.0
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 133.5 13.6 105 – 187 134.6 14.6 102 – 203 134.0 14.1 102 – 203
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84.7 9.9 53 – 113 85.4 9.4 59 – 121 85.1 9.6 53 – 121
Cardiometabolic risk scorea -0.87 8.61 -25.32 – 43.60 0.85 11.14 -20.44 – 78.06 0.00 10.00 -25.32 – 78.06
  1. aCardiometabolic risk score calculated as (the z-score for the sum of z-scores for fasting glucose, fasting insulin, HbA1c, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol#, triglyceride, blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure)*10. #negative value for HDL cholesterol z-score used. Thus 0 is the mean risk score for the group, and a difference of 10 represents 1 SD difference from the mean. A higher value denotes higher risk.