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Table 6 Multivariable associations between changes between baseline and 12-month in PA, sedentary time, diet and body weight, and change between baseline and 12-month in cardiometabolic risk score in the EuroFIT study

From: Contributions of changes in physical activity, sedentary time, diet and body weight to changes in cardiometabolic risk

Model 2 (multivariable – changes in PA variables and diet)
(n = 707)
  β-coefficient 95% CI p R2 Model R2
Change in number of steps (steps per day)a -0.33 (-0.55, -0.10) 0.002 1.7% 4.9%
Change in standing time (min.day-1)a 0.00 (-0.01, 0.01) 0.940 0.0%  
Change in sedentary time (min.day-1)a 0.000 (-0.009, 0.008) 0.929 0.0%  
Change in fatty food score 0.19 (0.08, 0.29) 0.001 2.4%  
Change in sugary food score 0.22 (0.01, 0.43) 0.042 0.4%  
Change in fruit and vegetable score -0.14 (-0.32, 0.05) 0.144 0.3%  
Change in alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.04 (-0.06, 0.14) 0.425 0.1%  
Model 3 (multivariable – Model 2 plus change in body weight)
(n = 707)
Change in number of steps (steps per day)a -0.10 (-0.31, 0.12) 0.368 1.7% 19.0%
Change in standing time (min.day-1)a 0.00 (-0.01, 0.01) 0.491 0.0%  
Change in sedentary time (min.day-1)a 0.00 (-0.01, 0.01) 0.541 0.0%  
Change in fatty food score 0.10 (0.01, 0.20) 0.038 2.4%  
Change in sugary food score 0.11 (-0.09, 0.30) 0.289 0.4%  
Change in fruit and vegetable score -0.05 (-0.22, 0.13) 0.600 0.3%  
Change in alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.02 (-0.08, 0.11) 0.757 0.1%  
Change in body weight (kg) 0.54 (0.44, 0.64) <0.0005 14.1%  
Model 4 (multivariable, Model 3 plus baseline values and group membership)
(n = 707)
Change in number of steps (steps per day)a -0.13 (-0.34, -0.07) 0.19 1.78% 37.2%
Change in standing time (min.day-1)a -0.01 (-0.06, 0.03) 0.629 0.1%  
Change in sedentary time (min.day-1)a -0.02 (-0.06, 0.01) 0.200 0.0%  
Change in fatty food score 0.01 (-0.03, 0.06) 0.554 1.7%  
Change in sugary food score 0.12 (0.01, 0.22) 0.026 0.6%  
Change in fruit and vegetable score -0.02 (-0.11, 0.06) 0.589 0.3%  
Change in alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.02 (-0.02, 0.07) 0.261 0.3%  
Change in body weight (kg) 0.23 (0.19, 0.28) <0.0005 15.3%  
Baseline number of steps (steps per day)a -0.07 (-0.16, 0.13) 0.094 0.2%  
Baseline standing time (min.day-1)a 0.015 (-0.03, 0.06) 0.532 0.0%  
Baseline sedentary time (min.day-1)a 0.001 (-0.03, 0.04) 0.962 0.0%  
Baseline fatty food score 0.03 (-0.02, 0.08) 0.231 0.4%  
Baseline sugary food score 0.08 (-0.01, 0.18) 0.082 0.4%  
Baseline fruit and vegetable score 0.06 (-0.04, 0.16) 0.236 0.1%  
Baseline alcohol intake (units.week-1) -0.01 (-0.04, 0.02) 0.561 0.0%  
Baseline body weight (kg) 0.011 (-0.003, 0.025) 0.135 0.2%  
Baseline cardiometabolic risk score -0.36 (-0.41, -0.30) <0.0005 17.5%  
Group (1 intervention, 2 comparison) 0.06 (-0.43, 0.55) 0.812 0.0%  
  1. aData presented as β-coefficient and 95% CI for change in cardiometabolic risk score per 1000 steps per day, and 10 min change in standing time and sedentary time.