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Table 5 Summary of Study Effects Size for Fasting Blood Glucose (mg/dL)

From: Clinical and patient-centered implementation outcomes of mHealth interventions for type 2 diabetes in low-and-middle income countries: a systematic review

Study   Control Intervention  
Study Duration (Months) mHealth mode of delivery   Pre-intervention Post-intervention    Pre-intervention Post-intervention Effect Size
n Mean SD Mean SD p-value n Mean SD Mean SD Cohen's d Hedge’s g
Dong et al. [47] 12 MPTMs Int 59 164.7 46.46 134.9 42.01 0.01 60 173.7 89.64 131.9 28.44 0.08 0.08
Goodarzi et al. [51] 3 MPTMs, Uni 43 151.47 55.59 142.00 38.00 0.23 38 161.49 54.15 133.56 36.44 0.23 0.23
Huo et al. [53] 6 MPTMs, Int 251 153.15 54.05 154.95 59.46 0.01 251 145.95 48.65 135.14 48.65 0.36 0.36
Kumar et al. [55] 12 MPTMs, Uni 476 150.50 62.30 149.20 71.40 0.05 479 163.70 66.90 152.80 66.90 0.01 0.01
Peimani et al. [63] 1 3 MPTMs, Uni 50 166.94 67.52 165.32 57.85 0.04 50 170.99 70.46 150.18 66.08 0.24 0.24
Rasoul et al. [66] 5 Telemedicine 49 252.06 39.58 238.24 40.01 0.0001 49 250.26 50.55 131.08 16.04 0.04 0.04
Sun et al. [70] 6 Mobile Apps 47 140.18 33.33 130.45 44.86 0.96 44 144.14 45.77 130.81 39.10 0.01 0.01
Wang et al. [71] 6 Mobile APPs 60 165.8 74.9 143.3 65.3 0.796 60 169.4 77.8 118.4 54.4 0.41 0.41
Zhou et al. [73] 3 Mobile APPs 50 160.18 52.07 144.50 39.82 0.01 50 158.92 9.73 124.68 25.05 0.60 0.60
  1. 1Combined means and SD: Study had two intervention arms; WPMDs : Wearable or portable monitoring devices; MCPs: Mobile phone calls (MPCs), MPTMs : mobile phone text message, Uni: Unidirectional; Int: Interactive