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Table 3 Sociodemographic characteristics of the study sample for Survey 1 (during lockdown), Survey 2 (after restrictions eased) and Survey 3 (1-year post-lockdown)

From: The new normal for food insecurity? A repeated cross-sectional survey over 1 year during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia

Demographics Category Survey 1: Lockdown n (%) Survey 2: Restrictions Eased n (%) Survey 3: 1-year post-lockdown n (%)
Age 18–25 28 (2.4%) 32 (2.8%) 32 (2.7%)
  26–35 117 (10.0%) 81 (7.2%) 66 (5.6%)
  36–45 201 (17.2%) 143 (12.6%) 134 (11.4%)
  46–55 235 (20.1%) 225 (19.9%) 208 (17.7%)
  56–65 266 (22.7%) 270 (23.8%) 281 (23.9%)
  65+ 221 (18.9%) 267 (23.6%) 455 (38.7%)
Gender Female 841 (71.9%) 746 (65.8%) 718 (61.0%)
  Male 249 (21.3%) 295 (26.0%) 345 (29.3%)
  Other 8 (0.7%) 13 (1.1%)
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Yes 25 (2.1%) 28 (2.5%) 32 (2.7%)
No 1069 (91.4%) 1015 (89.6%) 1037 (88.2%)
Disability Yes 238 (20.3%) 120 (10.6%) 335 (28.5%)
  No 857 (73.3%) 924 (81.6%) 736 (62.6%)
Rurality Urban 792 (67.7%) 758 (66.9%) 759 (64.5%)
  Rural 306 (26.2%) 287 (25.3%) 312 (26.5%)
Education University 737 (63.0%) 507 (44.8%) 736 (62.6%)
  Diploma/TAFE 211 (18.0%) 412 (36.4%) 213 (18.1%)
  High School 147 (12.6%) 129 (11.4%) 125 (10.6%)
Residency Born in Australia 869 (74.3%) 806 (71.1%) 831 (70.7%)
  Born overseas, citizen 179 (15.3%) 200 (17.7%) 203 (17.3%)
  Permanent resident 32 (2.7%) 29 (2.6%) 32 (2.7%)
  Temporary resident 17 (1.5%) 12 (1.1%) 8 (0.7%)
Household status Couple, no dependents 471 (40.3%) 497 (43.9%) 470 (40.0%)
  Couple, dependents 308 (26.3%) 221 (19.5%) 275 (23.4%)
  Single parent 65 (5.6%) 50 (4.4%) 25 (2.1%)
  Living alone 199 (17.0%) 215 (19.0%) 219 (18.6%)
  Other (group/share) 51 (4.4%) 74 (6.5%) 86 (7.3%)
All participants   N = 1067 N = 1133 N = 1176