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  1. Evidence for the health benefits of urban green space tends to stem from small, short-term quasi-experimental or cross-sectional observational research, whilst evidence from intervention studies is sparse. The...

    Authors: Ruth F. Hunter, Deepti Adlakha, Christopher Cardwell, Margaret E. Cupples, Michael Donnelly, Geraint Ellis, Aisling Gough, George Hutchinson, Therese Kearney, Alberto Longo, Lindsay Prior, Helen McAneney, Sara Ferguson, Brian Johnston, Michael Stevenson, Frank Kee…
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:142
  2. The causal effect of physical activity on reducing dementia risk has been questioned due to the possibility of reverse causation. This study examined the potential causal effects of physical activity on reduci...

    Authors: Koryu Sato, Naoki Kondo, Masamichi Hanazato, Taishi Tsuji and Katsunori Kondo
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:140
  3. Countries around the world are putting in place sugar reformulation targets for packaged foods to reduce excess sugar consumption. The Australian government released its voluntary sugar reformulation targets f...

    Authors: Daisy H. Coyle, Maria Shahid, Elizabeth K. Dunford, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Kathy Trieu, Matti Marklund, Bruce Neal and Jason H. Y. Wu
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:138
  4. Physical Activity 4 Everyone (PA4E1) is an evidence-based program effective at increasing adolescent physical activity (PA) and improving weight status. This study aimed to determine a) the effectiveness of an...

    Authors: Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Campbell, Matthew McLaughlin, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Karen Gillham, Chris Oldmeadow, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Mandy Williams, Nicole Evans, Andrew Bailey, James Boyer, Christophe Lecathelinais…
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:137
  5. Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for health and wellbeing, all-cause mortality and healthy aging. However, for middle- to older-age females less is known about the benefits of sports participation on...

    Authors: F. E. Kinnafick, A. J. Brinkley, S. J. Bailey and E. J. Adams
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:136
  6. The impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and other lifestyle-related factors on severe COVID-19 risk is understudied. The present study aims to investigate lifestyle-related and socioeconomic factors as p...

    Authors: Elin Ekblom-Bak, Daniel Väisänen, Björn Ekblom, Victoria Blom, Lena V. Kallings, Erik Hemmingsson, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin, Jane Salier Eriksson, Tobias Holmlund, Magnus Lindwall, Andreas Stenling and Amanda Lönn
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:135
  7. Media use may influence metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children. Yet, longitudinal studies are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of childhood digital media (DM) use trajectories wi...

    Authors: Elida Sina, Christoph Buck, Toomas Veidebaum, Alfonso Siani, Lucia Reisch, Hermann Pohlabeln, Valeria Pala, Luis A. Moreno, Dénes Molnar, Lauren Lissner, Yiannis Kourides, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Wolfgang Ahrens and Antje Hebestreit
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:134
  8. Parks are a key setting for physical activity for children. However, little is known about which park features children prefer and which features are most likely to encourage them to be active in parks. This s...

    Authors: Jenny Veitch, Kylie Ball, Elise Rivera, Venurs Loh, Benedicte Deforche and Anna Timperio
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:133
  9. The aim of this research was to examine the bidirectional association between self-reported symptoms of mental disorder and physical activity among a large sample of Canadian secondary school students over time.

    Authors: M. Claire Buchan, Isabella Romano, Alexandra Butler, Rachel E. Laxer, Karen A. Patte and Scott T. Leatherdale
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:132
  10. Physical literacy (PL) in childhood is essential for a healthy active lifestyle, with teachers playing a critical role in guiding its development. Teachers can assist children to acquire the skills, confidence...

    Authors: Inimfon A. Essiet, Natalie J. Lander, Jo Salmon, Michael J. Duncan, Emma L. J. Eyre, Jiani Ma and Lisa M. Barnett
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:131
  11. Understanding which factors influence dietary intake, particularly in daily life, is crucial given the impact diet has on physical as well as mental health. However, a factor might influence whether but not ho...

    Authors: Alea Ruf, Andreas B. Neubauer, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Andreas Reif and Silke Matura
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:130
  12. Heuristic (i.e., evidence-based, rounded) cadences of ≥100 and ≥ 130 steps/min have consistently corresponded with absolutely-defined moderate (3 metabolic equivalents [METs]) and vigorous (6 METs) physical ac...

    Authors: Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Scott W. Ducharme, Elroy J. Aguiar, John M. Schuna Jr., Tiago V. Barreira, Christopher C. Moore, Colleen J. Chase, Zachary R. Gould, Marcos A. Amalbert-Birriel, Stuart R. Chipkin and John Staudenmayer
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:129
  13. High levels of physical activity (PA) and heart rate variability (HRV) are associated with cardiovascular benefits in patients with cardiovascular diseases. HRV, representing cardiac autonomic function, is pos...

    Authors: Xuerong Sun, Shuang Zhao, Keping Chen, Wei Hua, Yangang Su, Xin Liu, Wei Xu, Fang Wang, Xiaohan Fan, Yan Dai, Zhimin Liu and Shu Zhang
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:128
  14. Opportunities for physical activity within out of school hours care (OSHC) are not well documented in Australia. This study explored factors associated with children (5–12 years) meeting 30 min of moderate to...

    Authors: Ruth K. Crowe, Yasmine C. Probst, Rebecca M. Stanley, Sarah T. Ryan, R. Glenn Weaver, Michael W. Beets, Jennifer A. Norman, Susan E. Furber, Cecilia Vuong, Megan L. Hammersley, Karen Wardle, Lisa Franco, Marc Davies, Christine Innes-Hughes and Anthony D. Okely
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:127
  15. Lifestyle intervention studies often use self-reported measures of diet as an outcome variable to measure changes in dietary intake. The presence of measurement error in self-reported diet due to participant f...

    Authors: David Aaby and Juned Siddique
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:125
  16. Most studies on the effects of sleep, sedentary behavior (SB), and physical activity (PA) on mental health did not account for the intrinsically compositional nature of the time spent in several behaviors. Thu...

    Authors: Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, Ignacio Ara, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Sebastien F. M. Chastin, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and David Martínez-Gómez
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:124
  17. Most of theevidence has focused on examining the influence of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity on mental health, but he role of light intensity physical activity (LIPA) is less understood. The ...

    Authors: Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Judit Bort-Roig, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Matthew Faires, Brendon Stubbs, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Beatriz Olaya, Josep Maria Haro, Lee Smith, Jae Il Shin, Min Seo Kim and Ai Koyanagi
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:123
  18. Physical activity guidelines recommend young people engage in regular muscle-strengthening activities (e.g., resistance training [RT]). However, few school-based physical activity interventions have been deliv...

    Authors: Sarah G. Kennedy, Jordan J. Smith, Paul A. Estabrooks, Nicole Nathan, Michael Noetel, Philip J. Morgan, Jo Salmon, Gessika C. Dos Santos and David R. Lubans
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:122

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:154

  19. This aimed to evaluate the effects of self-monitoring of daily steps with or without counselling support on HbA1c, other cardiometabolic risk factors and objectively measured physical activity (PA) during a 2-...

    Authors: Jenny Rossen, Kristina Larsson, Maria Hagströmer, Agneta Yngve, Kerstin Brismar, Barbara Ainsworth, Linda Åberg and Unn-Britt Johansson
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:121
  20. Decline in physical function varies substantially across older individuals due to several extrinsic modifiable factors such as dietary patterns, physical activity and social support. We aimed to determine the ...

    Authors: Marguerita Saadeh, Federica Prinelli, Davide L. Vetrano, Weili Xu, Anna-Karin Welmer, Serhiy Dekhtyar, Laura Fratiglioni and Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:120
  21. Reducing red meat is a strategy to improve public health and mitigate climate change in the United States and other high-income countries. Policies requiring warnings on the front of red meat packages are a pr...

    Authors: Lindsey Smith Taillie, Christina Chauvenet, Anna H. Grummon, Marissa G. Hall, Wilma Waterlander, Carmen E. Prestemon and Lindsay M. Jaacks
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:114
  22. Extended contact interventions delivered via text messaging are a low-cost option for promoting the long-term continuation of behavior change. This secondary analysis of a text message–delivered extended conta...

    Authors: Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Ana D Goode, Jennifer Job, Elizabeth G Eakin, Kate L Spilsbury and Elisabeth Winkler
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:119
  23. Over the past decade several physical activity (PA) interventions have been shown to be efficacious in a controlled research setting, however there is a continued lack of evidence for how to successfully imple...

    Authors: Jemima Cooper, Joey Murphy, Catherine Woods, Femke Van Nassau, Aisling McGrath, David Callaghan, Paula Carroll, Paul Kelly, Niamh Murphy and Marie Murphy
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:118
  24. In England, the onset of COVID-19 and a rapidly increasing infection rate resulted in a lockdown (March-June 2020) which placed strict restrictions on movement of the public, including children. Using data col...

    Authors: Daniel D. Bingham, Andy Daly-Smith, Jennifer Hall, Amanda Seims, Sufyan A. Dogra, Stuart J. Fairclough, Mildred Ajebon, Brian Kelly, Bo Hou, Katy A. Shire, Kirsty L. Crossley, Mark Mon-Williams, John Wright, Kate Pickett, Rosemary McEachan, Josie Dickerson…
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:117
  25. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of a 2-year physical activity (PA) intervention combining family-based PA counselling and after-school exercise clubs in primary-school children compared to no intervention f...

    Authors: Virpi Kuvaja-Köllner, Niina Lintu, Virpi Lindi, Elisa Rissanen, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Sanna Kiiskinen, Janne Martikainen, Eila Kankaanpää, Hannu Valtonen and Timo A. Lakka
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:116
  26. The ‘Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise’ (LiFE) program successfully reduced risk of falling via improvements in balance and strength, additionally increasing physical activity (PA) in older adults. Gene...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Sarah Labudek, Sophie Gottschalk, Franziska Kramer-Gmeiner, Jochen Klenk, Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Lindy Clemson, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:115
  27. Understanding young children's eating behaviours is vital to childhood obesity prevention. However, the widely used Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) has not been validated in Chinese young chil...

    Authors: Nan Zhou and Luning Sun
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:113
  28. Adults and children in the U.S. consume inadequate quantities of fruit and vegetables (FV), in part, due to poor access among households with lower socioeconomic status. One approach to improving access to FV ...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Seguin-Fowler, Karla L. Hanson, Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Alice S. Ammerman, Grace A. Marshall, Emily H. Belarmino, Jennifer A. Garner and Weiwei Wang
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:112
  29. In the city of Maastricht in the Netherlands, a highway crossing several deprived neighborhoods was tunneled in 2016. The vacant space on top of this tunnel was redesigned and prioritized for pedestrians and c...

    Authors: Nicole E. H. Stappers, Jasper Schipperijn, Stef P. J. Kremers, Marleen P. M. Bekker, Maria W. J. Jansen, Nanne K. de Vries and Dave H. H. Van Kann
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:111
  30. A recent paradigm shift has highlighted the importance of considering how sleep, physical activity and sedentary behaviour work together to influence health, rather than examining each behaviour individually. ...

    Authors: Rachael W. Taylor, Jillian J. Haszard, Dione Healey, Kim A. Meredith-Jones, Barry J. Taylor and Barbara C. Galland
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:110
  31. While studies suggest potential influences of childhood adversities on obesity development in adulthood, less is known about the short-term association in children. We examined the association between a wide r...

    Authors: Ivonne P. M. Derks, Sara Hannani, Florianne O. L. Vehmeijer, Henning Tiemeier and Pauline W. Jansen
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:109
  32. Physical activity messaging is an important step in the pathway towards improving population physical activity levels, but best practice is not yet understood. A gap in the literature exists for a physical act...

    Authors: Chloë Williamson, Paul Kelly, Jennifer R. Tomasone, Adrian Bauman, Nanette Mutrie, Ailsa Niven, Justin Richards and Graham Baker
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:108
  33. Rest-activity rhythm (RAR), a manifestation of circadian rhythms, has been associated with morbidity and mortality risk. However, RAR patterns in the general population and specifically the role of demographic...

    Authors: Jingen Li, Virend K. Somers, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Junrui Di and Naima Covassin
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:107
  34. Sedentary behaviors (SB) and especially prolonged sitting bouts are highly prevalent in daily life and studies indicated an association with an increased risk for several non-communicable diseases. Consequentl...

    Authors: Martina Kanning, Christina Niermann, Ulrich Ebner-Primer and Marco Giurgiu
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:106
  35. Infant obesogenic appetitive behaviors are associated with greater infant weight and child obesity, yet little is known about maternal influences on infant appetitive behaviors. This study examines the relatio...

    Authors: Chelsie D. Temmen, Leah M. Lipsky, Myles S. Faith and Tonja R. Nansel
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:105
  36. While physical activity has consistently been associated with decreased mortality rates, it remains unknown if there is a single “ideal” combination of time in physical activities of different intensities and ...

    Authors: Jairo H. Migueles, I-Min Lee, Cristina Cadenas Sanchez, Francisco B. Ortega, Julie E. Buring and Eric J. Shiroma
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:104
  37. Since only few longitudinal studies with appropriate study designs investigated the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and overweight, the degree PA can prevent excess weight gain...

    Authors: Ole Sprengeler, Hermann Pohlabeln, Karin Bammann, Christoph Buck, Fabio Lauria, Vera Verbestel, Gabriele Eiben, Kenn Konstabel, Dénes Molnár, Luis A. Moreno, Yannis Pitsiladis, Angie Page, Lucia Reisch, Michael Tornaritis and Wolfgang Ahrens
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:103
  38. Current physical activity guidelines do not distinguish between activity accumulated in different behavioural domains but some studies suggest that occupational physical activity (OPA) may not confer health be...

    Authors: Matthew Pearce, Tessa Strain, Katrien Wijndaele, Stephen J. Sharp, Alexander Mok and Søren Brage
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:102
  39. Little is known about how meal-specific food intake contributes to overall diet quality during pregnancy, which is related to numerous maternal and child health outcomes. Food networks are probabilistic graphs...

    Authors: Carolina Schwedhelm, Leah M. Lipsky, Grace E. Shearrer, Grace M. Betts, Aiyi Liu, Khalid Iqbal, Myles S. Faith and Tonja R. Nansel
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:101
  40. Although it is generally accepted that physical activity reduces the risk for chronic non-communicable disease and mortality, accumulating evidence suggests that occupational physical activity (OPA) may not co...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Prince, Charlotte Lund Rasmussen, Aviroop Biswas, Andreas Holtermann, Tarnbir Aulakh, Katherine Merucci and Pieter Coenen
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:100
  41. Physical activity is related to many positive health outcomes, yet activity levels of many children are low. Researchers have suggested that family-based interventions may improve physical activity behaviors o...

    Authors: Amy S. Ha, Chris Lonsdale, David R. Lubans, Florrie F. Ng and Johan Y. Y. Ng
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:99
  42. Validation of self-reported tools, such as physical activity (PA) questionnaires, is crucial. The aim of this study was to determine test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and the concurrent, construct...

    Authors: Helmut Schröder, Isaac Subirana, Julia Wärnberg, María Medrano, Marcela González-Gross, Narcis Gusi, Susana Aznar, Pedro E. Alcaraz, Miguel A. González-Valeiro, Lluis Serra-Majem, Nicolás Terrados, Josep A. Tur, Marta Segú, Clara Homs, Alicia Garcia-Álvarez, Juan C. Benavente-Marín…
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:98
  43. Wearable technologies play an important role in measuring physical activity (PA) and promoting health. Standardized validation indices (i.e., accuracy, bias, and precision) compare performance of step counting...

    Authors: Zachary R. Gould, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Elroy J. Aguiar, John M. Schuna Jr., Tiago V. Barreira, Christopher C. Moore, John Staudenmayer and Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:97
  44. Inequalities in obesity pertain in part to differences in dietary intake in different socioeconomic groups. Examining the economic, social, physical and political food environment of low-income groups as a com...

    Authors: Alexia D. M. Sawyer, Frank van Lenthe, Carlijn B. M. Kamphuis, Laura Terragni, Gun Roos, Maartje P. Poelman, Mary Nicolaou, Wilma Waterlander, Sanne K. Djojosoeparto, Marie Scheidmeir, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska and Karien Stronks
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:96
  45. During the pregnancy and postpartum period, both women and men experience physiological and psychological changes, which may negatively impact their eating behavior. A clear understanding of determinants of ch...

    Authors: Vickà Versele, F. Marijn Stok, Dirk Aerenhouts, Benedicte Deforche, Annick Bogaerts, Roland Devlieger, Peter Clarys and Tom Deliens
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:95
  46. Social demands of the school-year and summer environment may affect children’s sleep patterns and circadian rhythms during these periods. The current study examined differences in children’s sleep and circadia...

    Authors: Jennette P. Moreno, Javad Razjouyan, Houston Lester, Hafza Dadabhoy, Mona Amirmazaheri, Layton Reesor-Oyer, Teresia M. O’Connor, Daphne C. Hernandez, Bijan Najafi, Candice A. Alfano, Stephanie J. Crowley, Debbe Thompson and Tom Baranowski
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:94
  47. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is proposed as key for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) prevention. At older ages, the role of sedentary behaviour (SB) and light intensity physical activity (LIPA) r...

    Authors: Manasa S. Yerramalla, Duncan E. McGregor, Vincent T. van Hees, Aurore Fayosse, Aline Dugravot, Adam G. Tabak, Mathilde Chen, Sebastien F. M. Chastin and Séverine Sabia
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:83
  48. Obesity is a serious issue, spanning all ages, and, in the U.S., disproportionately affects Latinos and African Americans. Understanding sleep, physical activity and dietary behaviors that may predict childhoo...

    Authors: S. M. Martinez, E. Blanco, J. M. Tschann, N. F. Butte, M. A. Grandner and L. A. Pasch
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:93
  49. e- and mHealth interventions using self-regulation techniques like action and coping planning have the potential to tackle the worldwide problem of physical inactivity. However, they often use one-week self-re...

    Authors: L. Degroote, A. De Paepe, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, D. Van Dyck and G. Crombez
    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:92