Robinson J, Godbey G: Time in our hands. Futurist. 2005, 39: 18-22.
Robinson JP, Godbey G: Busyness as usual. Social Research. 2005, 72: 407-426.
Television At A Glance. 2005, City: New York. Nielsen Media Research
Hu FB, Li TY, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Manson JE: Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. JAMA. 2003, 289: 1785-1791. 10.1001/jama.289.14.1785.
Nielsen Media Research Reports Television's Popularity is Still Growing. 2006, City: New York. Nielsen Media Research
FitzGerald SJ, Kriska AM, Pereira MA, DeCourten MP: Associations among physical activity, television watching, and obesity in adult Pima Indians. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1997, 29: 910-915.
Hu FB, Leitzmann MF, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rimm EB: Physical activity and television watching in relation to risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in men. Arch Intern Med. 2001, 161: 1542-1548. 10.1001/archinte.161.12.1542.
Dunstan DW, Salmon J, Owen N, Armstrong T, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA, Cameron AJ, Dwyer T, Jolley D, Shaw JE: Physical activity and television viewing in relation to risk of undiagnosed abnormal glucose metabolism in adults. Diabetes Care. 2004, 27: 2603-2609. 10.2337/diacare.27.11.2603.
Parsons TJ, Power C, Manor O: Longitudinal physical activity and diet patterns in the 1958 British Birth Cohort. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006, 38: 547-554. 10.1249/01.mss.0000188446.65651.67.
Bennett GG, Wolin KY, Viswanath K, Askew S, Puleo E, Emmons KM: Television viewing and pedometer-determined physical activity among multiethnic residents of low-income housing. Am J Public Health. 2006, 96: 1681-1685. 10.2105/AJPH.2005.080580.
Jakes R, Day N, Khaw K, Luben R, Oakes S, Welch A, Bingham S, Wareham N: Television viewing and low participation in vigorous recreation are independently associated with obesity and markers of cardiovascular disease risk: EPIC-Norfolk population-based study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003, 57: 1089-1096. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601648.
Ching PL, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Gortmaker SL, Stampfer MJ: Activity level and risk of overweight in male health professionals. Am J Public Health. 1996, 86: 25-30.
Fung T, Hu F, Yu J, Chu N, Spiegelman D, Tofler G, Willett W, Rimm E: Leisure-time physical activity, television watching, and plasma biomarkers ofobesity and cardiovascular disease risk. Am J Epidemiol. 2000, 152: 1171-1178. 10.1093/aje/152.12.1171.
Coakley E, Rimm E, Colditz G, Kawachi I, Willett W: Predictors of weight change in men: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Intl J Obs Relat Metab Disord. 1998, 22: 89-96. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800549.
Tucker L, Bagwell M: Television viewing and obesity in adult females. Am J Public Health. 1991, 81: 908-911. 10.2105/AJPH.81.7.908.
Tucker L, Friedman G: Television viewing and obesity in adult males. Am J Public Health. 1989, 79: 516-518. 10.2105/AJPH.79.4.516.
Jeffery RW, French SA: Epidemic obesity in the United States: are fast foods and television viewing contributing?. Am J Public Health. 1998, 88: 277-280. 10.2105/AJPH.88.2.277.
Buchowski MS, Sun M: Energy expenditure, television viewing and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1996, 20: 236-244.
Salmon J, Bauman A, Crawford D, Timperio A, Owen N: The association between television viewing and overweight among Australian adults participating in varying levels of leisure-time physical activity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000, 24: 600-606. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801203.
Kronenberg F, Pereira MA, Schmitz MK, Arnett DK, Evenson KR, Crapo RO, Jensen RL, Burke GL, Sholinsky P, Ellison RC, Hunt SC: Influence of leisure time physical activity and television watching on atherosclerosis risk factors in the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Atherosclerosis. 2000, 153: 433-443. 10.1016/S0021-9150(00)00426-3.
Dunstan DW, Salmon J, Owen N, Armstrong T, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA, Cameron AJ, Dwyer T, Jolley D, Shaw JE: Associations of TV viewing and physical activity with the metabolic syndrome in Australian adults. Diabetologia. 2005, 48: 2254-2261. 10.1007/s00125-005-1963-4.
Crawford DA, Jeffery RW, French SA: Television viewing, physical inactivity and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999, 23: 437-440. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800845.
Vioque J, Torres A, Quiles J: Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000, 24: 1683-1688. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801434.
Jackson R, Chambless L, Yang K, Byrne T, Watson R, Folsom A, Shahar E, Kalsbeek W: Differences between respondents and nonrespondents in a multicenter community-based study vary by gender and ethnicity. J Clin Epidemiol. 1996, 49: 1441-1446. 10.1016/0895-4356(95)00047-X.
Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Investigators: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study: Design and objectives. Am J Epidemiol. 1989, 129: 687-702.
Baecke JA, Burema J, Frijters JE: A short questionnaire for the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1982, 36: 936-942.
Pereira MA, Folsom AR, McGovern PG, Carpenter M, Arnett DK, Liao D, Szklo M, Hutchinson RG: Physical activity and incident hypertension in black and white adults: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Prev Med. 1999, 28: 304-312. 10.1006/pmed.1998.0431.
Evenson K, Rosamond W, Cai J, Toole J, Hutchinson R, Shahar E, Folsom A: Physical activity and ischemic stroke risk: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Stroke. 1999, 30: 1333-1339.
Jacobs DR, Ainsworth BE, Hartman TJ, Leon AS: A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993, 25: 81-91. 10.1249/00005768-199301000-00012.
Pols MA, Peeters PH, Bueno-De-Mesquita HB, Ocke MC, Wentink CA, Kemper HC, Collette HJ: Validity and repeatability of a modified Baecke questionnaire on physical activity. Int J Epidemiol. 1995, 24: 381-388. 10.1093/ije/24.2.381.
Philippaerts RM, Lefevre J: Reliability and validity of three physical activity questionnaires in Flemish males. Am J Epidemiol. 1998, 147: 982-990.
Richardson MT, Ainsworth BE, Wu HC, Jacobs DR, Leon AS: Ability of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)/Baecke Questionnaire to assess leisure-time physical activity. Int J Epidemiol. 1995, 24: 685-693. 10.1093/ije/24.4.685.
Miller DJ, Freedson PS, Kline GM: Comparison of activity levels using the Caltrac accelerometer and five questionnaires. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994, 26: 376-382.
Rauh MJ, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR, Sallis JF, Gleghorn A: Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in Latinos. Int J Epidemiol. 1992, 21: 966-971. 10.1093/ije/21.5.966.
Gretbeck , Montoye : Abstract #474. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1990, 22: S79.
Mahoney , Freedson P: Abstract #475. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1990, 22: S80.
Cauley JA, LaPorte RE, Sandler RB, Schramm MM, Kriska AM: Comparison of methods to measure physical activity in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987, 45: 14-22.
Philippaerts RM, Westerterp KR, Lefevre J: Comparison of two questionnaires with a tri-axial accelerometer to assess physical activity patterns. Int J Sports Med. 2001, 22: 34-39. 10.1055/s-2001-11359.
Voorrips LE, Ravelli AC, Dongelmans PC, Deurenberg P, Van Staveren WA: A physical activity questionnaire for the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991, 23: 974-979.
Philippaerts RM, Westerterp KR, Lefevre J: Doubly labelled water validation of three physical activity questionnaires. Int J Sports Med. 1999, 20: 284-289. 10.1055/s-2007-971132.
Willett WC, Sampson L, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Bain C, Witschi J, Hennekens CH, Speizer FE: Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 1985, 122: 51-65.
Shimakawa T, Sorlie P, Carpenter MA, Dennis B, Tell GS, Watson R, Williams OD: Dietary intake patterns and sociodemographic factors in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. ARIC Study Investigators. Prev Med. 1994, 23: 769-780. 10.1006/pmed.1994.1133.
Houston DK, Stevens J, Cai J, Haines PS: Dairy, fruit, and vegetable intakes and functional limitations and disability in a biracial cohort: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005, 81: 515-522.
Subar AF, Thompson FE, Kipnis V, Midthune D, Hurwitz P, McNutt S, McIntosh A, Rosenfeld S: Comparative Validation of the Block, Willett, and National Cancer Institute Food Frequency Questionnaires: The Eating at America's Table Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2001, 154: 1089-1099. 10.1093/aje/154.12.1089.
Eck LH, Klesges LM, Klesges RC: Precision and estimated accuracy of two short-term food frequency questionnaires compared with recalls and records. J Clin Epidemiol. 1996, 49: 1195-1200. 10.1016/0895-4356(96)00219-3.
Stevens J, Metcalf PA, Dennis BH, Tell GS, Shimakawa T, Folsom AR: Reliability of a food frequency questionnaire by ethnicity, gender, age and education. Nutrition Research. 1996, 16: 735-745. 10.1016/0271-5317(96)00064-4.
Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. Book Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry. 1995, City: WHO Technical Report Series; 854
Bouchard C: Physical inactivity. Can J Cardiol. 1999, 15 (Suppl G): 89G-92G.
Levine JA, Kotz CM: NEAT – non-exercise activity thermogenesis – egocentric & geocentric environmental factors vs. biological regulation. Acta Physiol Scand. 2005, 184: 309-318. 10.1111/j.1365-201X.2005.01467.x.
Levine JA, Weg MWV, Hill JO, Klesges RC: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis – The crouching tiger hidden dragon of societal weight gain. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology. 2006, 26: 729-736. 10.1161/01.ATV.0000205848.83210.73.
Levine JA: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT). Nutr Rev. 2004, 62: S82-97. 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2004.tb00094.x.
Ward DS, Evenson KR, Vaughn A, Rodgers AB, Troiano RP: Accelerometer use in physical activity: best practices and research recommendations. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005, 37: S582-588. 10.1249/01.mss.0000185292.71933.91.
Bryant MJ, Lucove JC, Evenson KR, Marshall S: Measurement of television viewing in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2006, 8 (3): 197-209. 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00295.x.
Hulens M, Vansant G, Claessens AL, Lysens R, Muls E: Predictors of 6-minute walk test results in lean, obese and morbidly obese women. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003, 13: 98-105. 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2003.10273.x.
Feskanich D, Rimm EB, Giovannucci EL, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Litin LB, Willett WC: Reproducibility and validity of food intake measurements from a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. J Am Diet Assoc. 1993, 93: 790-796. 10.1016/0002-8223(93)91754-E.
Rimm EB, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Litin LB, Willett WC: Reproducibility and validity of an expanded self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire among male health professionals. Am J Epidemiol. 1992, 135: 1114-1126. discussion 1127–1136.
Bauman AE, Sallis JF, Dzewaltowski DA, Owen N: Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders. Am J Prev Med. 2002, 23: 5-14. 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00469-5.