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Table 1 Studies reporting percent meeting select step-defined cut points in young people

From: How many steps/day are enough? for children and adolescents

Reference Sample Characteristics Instrument Monitoring Frame Cut points Used % Meeting Specified Cut point
Raustorp [59]
2003
Sweden
446 boys, 457 girls;
school children;
6-14 years
Yamax Digiwalker SW-200 (Tokyo, Japan) 4 weekdays VP/PALA 83% boys, 82% girls
Cardon [15]
2004
Belgium
51 boys, 41 girls;
elementary school children;
6.5-12.7 years
Yamax Digiwalker SW-200, Yamax Corp, Japan 7 days VP/PALA
BMI-referenced cut points
77% overall
63% overall
Rowlands [16]
2005
UK
13 boys, 13 girls;
primary school children;
8 to 10 years
Yamax Digi-Walker DW-200, Yamasa, Tokyo, Japan 6 days including 1 weekend day VP/PALA
BMI-referenced cut points
62% boys, 69% girls
38% boys, 54% girls
Parfitt [60]
2005
UK
35 boys, 25 girls;
primary school children;
9.8 to 11.4 years
Yamax Digiwalker SW-200, Yamasa, Tokyo, Japan 7 days Rowlands and Eston 13000, 12000 25% boys, 30% girls
Zizzi [61]
2006
USA
56 boys, 109 girls;
high school students;
14 to 17 years
Accusplit Eagle 170 7 days VP/PALA < 25% overall
Raustorp [62]
2007
Sweden
183 boys in 2000
85 boys in 2006
153 girls in 2000
83 girls in 2006;
School children;
7 to 9 years
Yamax SW-200 Tokyo, Japan 4 weekdays BMI-referenced cut points 2000: 67% boys, 90% girls
2006: 60% boys, 75% girls
Duncan [63]
2007
UK
101 boys, 107 girls;
primary school children;
8 to 11 years
New Lifestyles, NL2000, Montana, USA 4 days including 2 weekend days BMI-referenced cut points 28.7% boys, 46.7% girls
41.2% of normal weight, 36.4% of overweight, 12.5% of obese
Eisenmann [57]
2007
USA
269 boys, 339 girls;
Midwestern elementary school children;
9.6 years
Digiwalker 200 SW 7 days VP/PALA not reported
     BMI-referenced cut points not reported
     < 10000 19.3% boys, 33.9% girls
     10000-12000 24.2% boys, 32.4% girls
     12000-14000 24.2% boys, 22.7% girls
     > 14000 32.3% boys, 10.9% girls
Raustorp [64]
2007
Sweden
46 boys, 51 girls;
School children;
12-14 years
Yamax SW-200 4 weekdays BMI-referenced cut points 58% overall
Reed [65]
USA
2007
140 boys, 158 girls;
elementary school children;
6 to 10 years
New Lifestyles Digi-Walker, SW-401, Yamax, Inc. 7 days VP/PALA 41% overall
      Grade Boys Girls
      First 35.70% 17.20%
      Second 55.00% 18.20%
      Third 78.60% 44.80%
      Fourth 48.10% 50.00%
      Fifth 51.40% 12.90%
Downs [66]
Canada
2008
80 boys, 98 girls;
Cree elementary school children;
9 to 11 years
Yamax SW-200 Digiwalker, Yamasa Corp., Tokyo, Japan 3 weekdays BMI-referenced cut points 59% overall, 51% with central adiposity, 68% without
Hohepa [67]
2008
New Zealand
95 boys, 141 girls;
high school students;
12 to 18 years
NL-2000 New-Lifestyles Inc. 7 days 10,000 11.4% never met
24.4% sometimes met
49.7% often met
14.5% always met
Laurson [55]
2008
USA
358 boys, 454 girls;
elementary school children;
6 to 12 years
Digiwalker 200-SW 7 days VP/PALA 41.3% boys, 45.6% girls
     BMI-referenced cut points 23.2% boys, 31.5% girls
     adult 10,000 80.2% boys, 63.2% girls
     11,500 and 10,000 (boys, girls) 62.6% boys, 63.2% girls
     10,000 and 11,000 80.2% boys, 45.6% girls
Lubans [17]
2008
Australia
50 boys, 65 girls;
adolescents recruited through schools;
14.15 ± 0.76 years
Yamax SW701 5 days including 1 weekend day VP/PALA
BMI-referenced cut points
49% boys, 52% girls
30% boys and girls
Belton [68]
2009
Ireland
153 boys, 148 girls;
primary school children;
6 to 9 years
Yamax Digwalker SW200 7 days BMI-referenced cut points 62.2% boys, 74.7% girls
Craig [6]
2010
Canada
5863 boys, 5639 girls;
nationally representative sample
5-19 years
Yamax SW-200 (Tokyo, Japan) 7 days BMI-referenced cut points
15,000 step/day
16,500 steps/day
23.2% male, 33.8% girls
23.2 male, 11.7% girls
13.8% male, 6.1% girls
Tudor-Locke
[5]
2010
USA
1281 boys, 1329 girls,
nationally representative sample;
6-19 years
ActiGraph AM-7164, ActiGraph, Ft. Walton Beach, Florida
(data treated to approximate pedometer output)
7 days Sex-specific Children's Graduated Step Index (only in 6-11 year olds) 41.8% boys sedentary
21.2% girls sedentary
(other categories presented in figures)
  1. Vincent and Pangrazi U.S. normative data [13] /President's Active Lifestyle Award (VP/PALA) [14]: 13,000 steps/day (boys) and 11000 steps/day (girls). BMI-referenced cut points [23]: 15,000 steps/day (boys) and 12,000 steps/day (girls). Sex-specific Children's Graduated Step Index for children (ages 6-12 years) [21]. Boys: 1) < 10,000; 2) 10,000-12,499; 3) 12,500-14,999; 4) 15,000 - 17,499; and, 5) ≥ 17,500 steps/day. Girls: 1) < 7,000; 2) 7,000-9,499; 3) 9,500-11,999; 4) 12,000 - 14,499 and, 5) ≥ 14,500 steps/day. For both sexes, each escalating category is respectively labelled "sedentary," "low active," "somewhat active," "active," and "highly active."