World Health Organization. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. Italy; 2011.
Iburg KM. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2016. Lancet. 2017;390:1345–422.
Cohen P, Kasen S, Chen H, Hartmark C, Gordon K. Variations in patterns of developmental transmissions in the emerging adulthood period. Dev Psychol. 2003;39:657.
Munt AE, Partridge SR, Allman-Farinelli M. The barriers and enablers of healthy eating among young adults: a missing piece of the obesity puzzle: a scoping review. Obes Rev. 2017;18:1–17.
Tam R, Yassa B, Parker H, O’Connor H, Allman-Farinelli M. University students’ on-campus food purchasing behaviors, preferences, and opinions on food availability. Nutrition. 2017;37:7–13.
Ashton LM, Morgan PJ, Hutchesson MJ, Rollo ME, Collins CE. Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the ‘HEYMAN’ healthy lifestyle program for young men: a pilot randomised controlled trial. Nutr J. 2017;16:2.
Ashton LM, Morgan PJ, Hutchesson MJ, Rollo ME, Young MD, Collins CE. A systematic review of SNAPO (smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity and obesity) randomized controlled trials in young adult men. Prev Med. 2015;81:221–31.
Chapman K, Havill M, Watson WL, Wellard L, Hughes C, Bauman A, Allman-Farinelli M. Time to address continued poor vegetable intake in Australia for prevention of chronic disease. Appetite. 2016;107:295–302.
Menozzi D, Sogari G, Mora C. Explaining vegetable consumption among young adults: an application of the theory of planned behaviour. Nutrients. 2015;7:7633–50.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4364.0.55.001- Australian Health Survey: First Results, 2011–12. Canberra; 2012.
Bleich SN, Wang YC, Wang Y, Gortmaker SL. Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89:372–81.
Sui ZX, Wong WK, Louie JCY, Rangan A. Discretionary food and beverage consumption and its association with demographic characteristics, weight status, and fruit and vegetable intakes in Australian adults. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20:274–81.
Sensis: Sensis Social Media Report 2016. 2016.
De Brun A, McCarthy M, McKenzie K, McGloin A. Weight stigma and narrative resistance evident in online discussions of obesity. Appetite. 2014;72:73–81.
Definition: social media [http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/social-media]. Accessed 6 July 2018.
Lynch M. Healthy habits or damaging diets: an exploratory study of a food blogging community. Ecol Food Nutr. 2010;49:316–35.
Freeman B, Kelly B, Baur L, Chapman K, Chapman S, Gill T, King L. Digital junk: food and beverage marketing on Facebook. Am J Public Health. 2014;104:e56–64.
Balatsoukas P, Kennedy CM, Buchan I, Powell J, Ainsworth J. The role of social network Technologies in Online Health Promotion: a narrative review of theoretical and empirical factors influencing intervention effectiveness. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17:e141.
Social Media Update 2016 [http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/11/11/social-media-update-2016/]. Accessed 6 July 2018.
Brindal E, Freyne J, Saunders I, Berkovsky S, Smith G, Noakes M. Features predicting weight loss in overweight or obese participants in a web-based intervention: randomized trial. J Med Internet Res. 2012;14:e173.
Lombard C, Brennan L, Reid M, Klassen K, Palermo C, Walker T, Lim MS, Dean M, McCaffrey T, Truby H. Communicating health - optimising young adults’ engagement with health messages using social media: study protocol. Nutr Dietetics. Accepted
Lim MSC, Hare JD, Carrotte ER, Dietze PM. An investigation of strategies used in alcohol brand marketing and alcohol-related health promotion on Facebook. Digital Health. 2016;2
Yonker LM, Zan S, Scirica CV, Jethwani K, Kinane TB. “Friending” teens: systematic review of social Media in Adolescent and Young Adult Health Care. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17:e4.
Willis EA, Szabo-Reed AN, Ptomey LT, Steger FL, Honas JJ, Washburn RA, Donnelly JE. Do weight management interventions delivered by online social networks effectively improve body weight, body composition, and chronic disease risk factors? A systematic review. J Telemed Telecare. 2017;23:263–72.
Williams G, Hamm MP, Shulhan J, Vandermeer B, Hartling L. Social media interventions for diet and exercise behaviours: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open. 2014;4:e003926.
Chang T, Chopra V, Zhang C, Woolford SJ. The role of social media in online weight management: systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2013;15:e262.
Maher CA, Lewis LK, Ferrar K, Marshall S, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Vandelanotte C. Are health behavior change interventions that use online social networks effective? A systematic review. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16:e40.
Vandelanotte C, Maher CA. Why we need more than just randomized controlled trials to establish the effectiveness of online social networks for health behavior change. Am J Health Promot. 2015;30:74–6.
Lim MS, Wright CJ, Carrotte ER, Pedrana AE. Reach, engagement, and effectiveness: a systematic review of evaluation methodologies used in health promotion via social networking sites. Health Promot J Austr. 2016;27:187–97.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Health Survey: First Results. Canberra; 2015.
The Joanna Briggs Institute. The Joanna Briggs Institute 2015 Reviewers’ Manual. Adelaide: The Joanna Briggs Institute; 2014. p. 34.
Schmucker CM, Blümle A, Schell LK, Schwarzer G, Oeller P, Cabrera L, von Elm E, Briel M, Meerpohl JJ. Systematic review finds that study data not published in full text articles have unclear impact on meta-analyses results in medical research. PLoS One. 2017;12:e0176210.
The History of Social Networking [https://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-history-of-social-networking/]. Accessed 6 July 2018.
Raaijmakers LC, Pouwels S, Berghuis KA, Nienhuijs SW. Technology-based interventions in the treatment of overweight and obesity: a systematic review. Appetite. 2015;95:138–51.
Nour M, Chen J, Allman-Farinelli M. Efficacy and external validity of electronic and mobile phone-based interventions promoting vegetable intake in young adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2016;18:19.
Krukowski RA, Harvey-Berino J, Ashikaga T, Thomas CS, Micco N. Internet-based weight control: the relationship between web features and weight loss. Telemed J E Health. 2008;14:775–82.
Greene J, Sacks R, Piniewski B, Kil D, Hahn JS. The impact of an online social network with wireless monitoring devices on physical activity and weight loss. J Prim Care Community Health. 2013;4:189–94.
Pace R, Pluye P, Bartlett G, Macaulay AC, Salsberg J, Jagosh J, Seller R. Testing the reliability and efficiency of the pilot mixed methods appraisal tool (MMAT) for systematic mixed studies review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012;49:47–53.
Napolitano MA, Hayes S, Bennett GG, Ives AK, Foster GD. Using Facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss program to college students. Obesity. 2012;
Beetham R. In-person vs. online small change weight loss program for undergraduate females: Northern Arizona University; 2015.
Chung AE, Skinner AC, Hasty SE, Perrin EM. Tweeting to health: a novel mHealth intervention using Fitbits and twitter to Foster healthy lifestyles. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016;
Godino JG, Merchant G, Norman GJ, Donohue MC, Marshall SJ, Fowler JH, Calfas KJ, Huang JS, Rock CL, Griswold WG, et al. Using social and mobile tools for weight loss in overweight and obese young adults (Project SMART): a 2 year, parallel-group, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016;4:747–55.
Gow RW, Trace SE, Mazzeo SE. Preventing weight gain in first year college students: an online intervention to prevent the “freshman fifteen”. Eat Behav. 2010;11:33–9.
Harvey-Berino J, Pope L, Gold BC, Leonard H, Belliveau C. Undergrad and overweight: an online behavioral weight management program for college students. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012;44:604–8.
Meng J, Peng W, Shin SY, Chung M. Online self-tracking groups to increase fruit and vegetable intake: a small-scale study on mechanisms of group effect on behavior change. J Med Internet Res. 2017;19:e63.
Merchant G, Weibel N, Patrick K, Fowler JH, Norman GJ, Gupta A, Servetas C, Calfas K, Raste K, Pina L. Click “like” to change your behavior: a mixed methods study of college students’ exposure to and engagement with Facebook content designed for weight loss. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16:e158.
Laska MN, Sevcik SM, Moe SG, Petrich CA, Nanney MS, Linde JA, Lytle LA. A 2-year young adult obesity prevention trial in the US: process evaluation results. Health Promot Int. 2016;31:793–800.
Pappa GL, Cunha TO, Bicalho PV, Ribeiro A, Couto Silva AP, Meira W Jr, Beleigoli AM. Factors associated with weight change in online weight management communities: a case study in the LoseIt Reddit community. J Med Internet Res. 2017;19:e17.
Hebden L, Cook A, van der Ploeg HP, King L, Bauman A, Allman-Farinelli M. A mobile health intervention for weight management among young adults: a pilot randomised controlled trial. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2014;27:322–32.
Partridge SR, Allman-Farinelli M, McGeechan K, Balestracci K, Wong AT, Hebden L, Harris MF, Bauman A, Phongsavan P. Process evaluation of TXT2BFiT: a multi-component mHealth randomised controlled trial to prevent weight gain in young adults. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016;13:7.
Dadkhah M. Development and evaluation of the America on the move: Colorado State University, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition; 2013.
Dennison L, Morrison L, Conway G, Yardley L. Opportunities and challenges for smartphone applications in supporting health behavior change: qualitative study. J Med Internet Res. 2013;15:e86.
Jha A, Lin L, Savoia E. The use of social media by state health departments in the US: analyzing health communication through Facebook. J Community Health. 2016;41:174–9.
Neiger BL, Thackeray R, Burton SH, Giraud-Carrier CG, Fagen MC. Evaluating social media’s capacity to develop engaged audiences in health promotion settings: use of twitter metrics as a case study. Health Promot Pract. 2013;14:157–62.
Social Media Fact Sheet [http://www.pewinternet.org/fact-sheet/social-media/]. Accessed 6 July 2018.
Waring ME, Schneider KL, Appelhans BM, Simas TAM, Xiao RS, Whited MC, Busch AM, Evans MM, Pagoto SL. Interest in a twitter-delivered weight loss program among women of childbearing age. Translational behavioral medicine. 2015;6:277–84.
Kwasnicka D, Dombrowski SU, White M, Sniehotta F. Theoretical explanations for maintenance of behaviour change: a systematic review of behaviour theories. Health Psychol Rev. 2016;10:277–96.
Latkin CA, Knowlton AR. Social network assessments and interventions for health behavior change: a critical review. Behav Med. 2015;41:90–7.
Cavallo DNB, Jane D, Tate DF, DeVellis RF, Zimmer C, Ammerman AS. The role of companionship, esteem, and informational support in explaining physical activity among young women in an online social network intervention. J Behav Med. 2014;37:955–66.
Latner JD, O’Brien KS, Durso LE, Brinkman LA, MacDonald T. Weighing obesity stigma: the relative strength of different forms of bias. Int J Obes. 2008;32:1145–52.
Hwang KO, Ottenbacher AJ, Green AP, Cannon-Diehl MR, Richardson O, Bernstam EV, Thomas EJ. Social support in an internet weight loss community. Int J Med Inform. 2010;79:5–13.
Are Millennials Getting It Right on Staying Healthy? [http://www.foodinsight.org/millennials-getting-it-right]. Accessed 6 July 2018.
Lytle LA, Laska MN, Linde JA, Moe SG, Nanney MS, Hannan PJ, Erickson DJ. Weight-gain reduction among 2-year college students: the CHOICES RCT. Am J Prev Med. 2017;52:183–91.
Partridge SR, McGeechan K, Hebden L, Balestracci K, Wong AT, Denney-Wilson E, Harris MF, Phongsavan P, Bauman A, Allman-Farinelli M. Effectiveness of a mHealth lifestyle program with telephone support (TXT2BFiT) to prevent unhealthy weight gain in young adults: randomized controlled trial. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2015;3:e66.
Vaterlaus JM, Patten EV, Roche C, Young JA. #Gettinghealthy: the perceived influence of social media on young adult health behaviors. Comput Hum Behav. 2015;45:151–7.