|Pre-treatment (surgery)||During (chemotherapy) and post-treatment (surgery and/or chemotherapy)|
Aerobic: recumbent stepper, treadmill, outdoor walking, cycling or jogging (according to patient abilities and preference).|
Resistance: resistance training consisted of 6–10 exercises targeting major muscle groups of the upper- and lower-body; Theraband exercises.
Aerobic: brisk walking, jogging, running (treadmill), rowing ergometers, cycling ergometers, recumbent stepper.|
Resistance: Free weights, machine exercises and Therabands for major muscle groups (arms, abdominal muscles, thigh, and gluteus region; all major muscles of the upper- and lower-body).
Supervised: 1 session per week.|
Unsupervised: 3–7 sessions per week.
Supervised sessions: 1–5 supervised sessions per week (including group-based and one-on-one supervised sessions).|
Unsupervised sessions: 1–7 sessions per week.
In-hospital patients: daily supervised exercise.
Aerobic: 60–70% of HRmax; 50% of age-predicted HRmax; 40% of HRR (starting intensity); 12–20 RPE (6–20 Borg scale).|
Resistance: 8–15 repetitions, 1–2 sets per exercise, dependent on volitional fatigue; 12 RPE (6–20 Borg scale).
Aerobic: continuous and interval bouts at 50–95% HRmax; 11–15 RPE (6–20 Borg scale); 40–80% HRR.|
Resistance: 8–15 repetitions, 1–3 sets per exercise (2–8 exercises targeting major muscle groups); 6–10 RPE (0–10 scale); 12–14 RPE (Borg 6–20 scale); 60–80% of one-repetition maximum.
|Duration||20–60 min sessions (including warm-up and stretching).||15–90 min sessions (including warm-up and stretching).|
|Length||4 weeks.||7-days to 6-months.|