Caspersen CJ, Powell EC, Christenson GM: Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health. 1985, 100: 126-131.
Katzmarzyk PT, Gledhill N, Shephard RJ: The economic burden of physical inactivity in Canada. CMAJ. 2000, 163: 1435-1440.
Dishman RK, Washburn RA, Schoeller DA: Measurement of physical activity. QUEST. 2001, 53: 295-309.
Shephard RJ: Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires. Br J Sports Med. 2003, 37: 197-206. 10.1136/bjsm.37.3.197.
Ainslie PN, Reilly T, Westerterp KR: Estimating human energy expenditure: a review of techniques with particular references to doubly labelled water 38. Sports Med. 2003, 33: 683-698. 10.2165/00007256-200333090-00004.
Adamo KB, Prince SA, Tricco AC, Connor Gorber S, Tremblay M: A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in the pediatric population: a systematic review. Int J Pediatr Obes.
Downs SH, Black N: The feasibility of creating a checklist for the assessment of the methodological quality of both randomised and non-randomised studies of health care intervention. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1998, 52: 377-384.
Saunders DL, Soomro GM, Buckingham J, Jamtvedt G, Raina P: Assessing the methodological quality of nonrandomized intervention studies. Western J Nurs Res. 2003, 25: 223-237. 10.1177/0193945902250039.
Deeks JJ, Dinnes JD, D'Amico R, Sowden AJ, Sakarovitch C, Song F, Petticrew M, Altman DG: Evaluating non-randomised intervention studies. Health Technol Assess. 2003, 7 (27): 1-173.
Aadahl M, Jorgensen T: Validation of a new self-report instrument for measuring physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2003, 35: 1196-1202. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000074446.02192.14.
Adams SA: Methodological and substantive issues: The relationship between physical activity and breast cancer. PhD Thesis. 2003, University of South Carolina
Adams SA, Matthews CE, Ebbeling CB, Moore CG, Cunningham JE, Fulton J, Hebert JR: The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activity. Am J Epidemiol. 2005, 161: 389-398. 10.1093/aje/kwi054.
Ainsworth BE, Richardson MT, Jacobs DR, Leon AS, Sternfeld B: Accuracy of recall of occupational physical activity by questionnaire. J Clin Epidemiol. 1999, 52: 219-227. 10.1016/S0895-4356(98)00158-9.
Ainsworth BE, Bassett DR, Strath SJ, Swartz AM, O'Brien WL, Thompson RW, Jones DA, Macera CA, Kimsey CD: Comparison of three methods for measuring the time spent in physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2000, 32: S457-S464. 10.1097/00005768-200009001-00004.
Ainsworth BE, Sternfeld B, Richardson MT, Jackson K: Evaluation of the kaiser physical activity survey in women. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2000, 32: 1327-1338. 10.1097/00005768-200007000-00022.
Armstrong CA: The stages of change in exercise adoption and adherence: Evaluation of measures with self-report and objective data. PhD Thesis. 1998, University of California, San Diego and San Diego State University
Atienza AA, King AC: Comparing self-reported versus objectively measured physical activity behavior: a preliminary investigation of older Filipino American women. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2005, 76 (3): 358-362.
Bassett DR, Schneider PL, Huntington GE: Physical activity in an Old Order Amish community. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2004, 36: 79-85. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000106184.71258.32.
Bassett DR, Cureton AL, Ainsworth BE: Measurement of daily walking distance-questionnaire versus pedometer. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2000, 32: 1018-1023. 10.1097/00005768-200005000-00021.
Bernstein M, Sloutskis D, Kumanyika S, Sparti A, Schutz Y, Morabia A: Data-based approach for developing a physical activity frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 1998, 147: 147-154.
Bisgaard T, Kjaersgaard M, Bernhard A, Kehlet H, Rosenberg J: Computerized monitoring of physical activity and sleep in postoperative abdominal surgery patients. J Clin Monitor Comp. 1999, 15: 1-8. 10.1023/A:1009930026753.
Bjorgaas M, Vik JT, Saeterhaug A, Langlo L, Sakshaug T, Mohus RM, Grill V: Relationship between pedometer-registered activity, aerobic capacity and self-reported activity and fitness in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2005, 7: 737-744. 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2004.00464.x.
Bonnefoy M, Normand S, Pachiaudi C, Lacour JR, Laville M, Kostka T: Simultaneous validation of ten physical activity questionnaires in older men: a doubly labeled water study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001, 49: 28-35. 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.49006.x.
Brach JS: The relation of physical activity to functional status over a seventeen-year time period in community-dwelling older women. PhD Thesis. 2000, University of Pittsburgh
Brown WJ, Ringuet C, Trost SG: How active are young adult women?. Health Promot J Aust. 2002, 23-28.
Bulley C, Donaghy M, Payne A, Mutrie N: Validation and modification of the Scottish Physical Activity Questionnaire for use in a female student population. Int J Health Promot Edu. 2005, 43.
Carter-Nolan PL, Adams-Campbell LL, Makambi K, Lewis S, Palmer JR, Rosenberg L: Validation of Physical Activity Instruments: Black Women's Health Study. Ethn Dis. 2006, 16 (4): 943-947.
Cauley JA, Kriska AM, LaPorte RE, Sandler RB, Pambianco G: A two year randomized exercise trial in older women: effects on HDL-cholesterol. Atherosclerosis. 1987, 66: 247-258. 10.1016/0021-9150(87)90068-2.
Chasan-Taber L, Schmidt MD, Roberts DE, Hosmer D, Markenson G, Freedson PS: Development and validation of a Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2004, 36: 1750-1760. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000142303.49306.0D.
Chen AH-W: The effectiveness of a home-based intervention to promote walking in ethnic minority women. PhD Thesis. 1995, University of California, San Diego and San Diego State University
Conn VS, Minor MA, Mehr DR, Burks KJ: Recording activity in older women with TriTrac. Am J Health Behav. 2000, 24: 370-378.
Conway JM, Irwin ML, Ainsworth BE: Estimating energy expenditure from the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity and Tecumseh Occupational Activity questionnaires – a doubly labeled water validation. J Clin Epidemiol. 2002, 55: 392-399. 10.1016/S0895-4356(01)00497-8.
Conway JM, Seale JL, Jacobs DR, Irwin ML, Ainsworth BE: Comparison of energy expenditure estimates from doubly labeled water, a physical activity questionnaire, and physical activity records. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002, 75: 519-525.
Cook TC: Epidemiology of fitness in the elderly: a twin approach. PhD Thesis. 1986, University of Pittsburgh
Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sallis JF, et al: International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2003, 35: 1381-1395. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB.
Davies SW, Jordan SL, Lipkin DP: Use of limb movement sensors as indicators of the level of everyday physical activity in chronic congestive heart failure. Am J Cardiol. 1992, 69 (19): 1581-1586. 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90707-6.
De Abajo S, Larriba R, Marquez S: Validity and reliability of the Yale Physical Activity Survey in Spanish elderly. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2001, 41 (4): 479-485.
del Aguila MA: Assessment of physical activity in patients with diabetes. PhD Thesis. 1998, University of Washington
Dinger MK: Reliability and convergent validity of the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey Physical Activity items. Am J Health Educ. 2003, 34: 162-166.
Dinger MK, Oman RF, Taylor EL, Vesely SK, Able J: Stability and convergent validity of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE). J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2004, 44 (2): 186-192.
Dishman RK, Darracott CR, Lambert LT: Failure to generalize determinants of self-reported physical activity to a motion sensor. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1992, 24 (8): 904-910.
Dubbert PM, Weg Vander MW, Kirchner KA, Shaw B: Evaluation of the 7-day physical activity recall in urban and rural men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004, 36 (9): 1646-1654. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000139893.65189.F2.
Dubbert PM, White JD, Grothe KB, O'Jile J, Kirchner KA: Physical activity in patients who are severely mentally ill: feasibility of assessment for clinical and research applications. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2006, 20: 205-209. 10.1016/j.apnu.2006.04.002.
Ekelund U, Sepp H, Brage S, Becker W, Jakes R, Hennings M, Wareham NJ: Criterion-related validity of the last 7-day, short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Swedish adults. Public Health Nutr. 2006, 9: 258-265. 10.1079/PHN2005840.
Elmore BG: An evaluation of five physical activity assessment methods in a group of women. PhD Thesis. 1989, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Evangelista LS, Dracup K, Doering L, Moser DK, Kobashigawa J: Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005, 20: 334-339.
Faulkner G, Cohn T, Remington G: Validation of a physical activity assessment tool for individuals with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2006, 82: 225-231. 10.1016/j.schres.2005.10.020.
Friedenreich CM, Courneya KS, Neilson HK, Matthews CE, Willis G, Irwin M, Troiano R, Ballard-Barbash R: Reliability and validity of the Past Year Total Physical Activity Questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol. 2006, 163: 959-970. 10.1093/aje/kwj112.
Fu LL: Health status, functional state and physical activity level in community dwelling elderly women. PhD Thesis. 1995, University of Pittsburgh
Gardner AW, Montgomery PS: The Baltimore activity scale for intermittent claudication: a validation study. Vascular & Endovascular Surgery. 2006, 40: 383-391. 10.1177/1538574406288575.
Ginis KA, Latimer AE, Hicks AL, Craven BC: Development and evaluation of an activity measure for people with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2005, 37: 1099-1111. 10.1249/01.mss.0000170127.54394.eb.
Gretler DD, Carlson GF, Montano AV, Murphy MB: Diurnal blood pressure variability and physical activity measured electronically and by diary. Am J Hypertens. 1993, 6: 127-133.
Hagfors L, Westerterp K, Skoldstam L, Johansson G: Validity of reported energy expenditure and reported intake of energy, protein, sodium and potassium in rheumatoid arthritis patients in a dietary intervention study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005, 59: 238-245. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602064.
Hagstromer M, Oja P, Sjostrom M: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ): a study of concurrent and construct validity. Public Health Nutr. 2006, 9: 755-762. 10.1079/PHN2005898.
Harada ND, Chiu V, King AC, Stewart AL: An evaluation of three self-report physical activity instruments for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2001, 33: 962-970. 10.1097/00005768-200105001-01412.
Hayden-Wade HA, Coleman KJ, Sallis JF, Armstrong C: Validation of the telephone and in-person interview versions of the 7-day PAR. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2003, 35: 801-809. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000064941.43869.4E.
Iqbal R, Rafique G, Badruddin S, Qureshi R, Gray-Donald K: Validating MOSPA questionnaire for measuring physical activity in Pakistani women. Nutr J. 2006, 5: 18-10.1186/1475-2891-5-18.
Irwin ML, Ainsworth BE, Conway JM: Estimation of energy expenditure from physical activity measures: determinants of accuracy. Obes Res. 2001, 9: 517-525. 10.1038/oby.2001.68.
Jacobs DR, Ainsworth BE, Hartman TJ, Leon AS: A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1993, 25: 81-91. 10.1249/00005768-199301000-00012.
Jakes RW, Day NE, Luben R, Welch A, Bingham S, Mitchell J, Hennings S, Rennie K, Wareham NJ: Adjusting for energy intake – what measure to use in nutritional epidemiological studies?. Int J Epidemiol. 2004, 33: 1382-1386. 10.1093/ije/dyh181.
Jansen L: The effect of exercise on explanatory style in HIV-infected men. PhD Thesis. 2002, United States International University
Johansen KL, Chertow GM, Ng AV, Mulligan K, Carey S, Schoenfeld PY, Kent-Braun JA: Physical activity levels in patients on hemodialysis and healthy sedentary controls. Kidney International. 2000, 57: 2564-2570. 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2000.00116.x.
Johansen KL, Painter P, Kent-Braun JA, Ng AV, Carey S, Da SM, Chertow GM: Validation of questionnaires to estimate physical activity and functioning in end-stage renal disease. Kidney International. 2001, 59.
Johnson-Kozlow MF: Validity and measurement bias in three self-report measures of physical activity among women diagnosed with breast cancer. PhD Thesis. 2003, University of California, San Diego
Johnson-Kozlow M, Rock CL, Gilpin EA, Hollenbach KA, Pierce JP: Validation of the WHI brief physical activity questionnaire among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Am J Health Behav. 2007, 31: 193-202.
King WC, Brach JS, Belle S, Killingsworth R, Fenton M, Kriska AM: The relationship between convenience of destinations and walking levels in older women. Am J Health Promot. 2003, 18: 74-82.
Kolbe-Alexander TL, Lambert EV, Harkins JB, Ekelund U: Comparison of two methods of measuring physical activity in South African older adults. J Aging Phys Act. 2006, 14 (1): 98-114.
Krishnamoorthy JS: The transmission of physical activity and related cognitions among African-American adolescent females and their primary female caregiver. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2002, 63.
Kriska AM: Assessment of current and historical physical activity in the Pima Indians. PhD Thesis. 1988, University of Pittsburgh
Kriska AM, Knowler WC, LaPorte RE, Drash AL, Wing RR, Blair SN, Bennett PH, Kuller LH: Development of questionnaire to examine relationship of physical activity and diabetes in Pima Indians. Diabetes Care. 1990, 13: 401-411. 10.2337/diacare.13.4.401.
Lambert P: Physical activity and the oldest-old: A comparison of self-report and accelerometer readings. PhD Thesis. 2006, University of Manitoba (Canada)
LaPorte RE, Black-Sandler R, Cauley JA, Link M, Bayles C, Marks B: The assessment of physical activity in older women: analysis of the interrelationship and reliability of activity monitoring, activity surveys, and caloric intake. J Gerontol. 1983, 38: 394-397.
Lasuzzo J: Ability of the California State University, Fullerton Physical Activity Questionnaire to assess physical activity in older individuals. PhD Thesis. 2004, The University of Alabama
Leenders NYJM: Evaluation of methods to assess physical activity. PhD Thesis. 1998, The Ohio State University
Leenders NYJM, Sherman WM, Nagaraja HN: Comparisons of four methods of estimating physical activity in adult women. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2000, 32: 1320-1326. 10.1097/00005768-200007000-00021.
Leenders NY, Sherman WM, Nagaraja HN, Kien CL: Evaluation of methods to assess physical activity in free-living conditions. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001, 33 (7): 1233-1240.
Lemmer JT, Ivey FM, Ryan AS, Martel GF, Hurlbut DE, Metter JE, Fozard JL, Fleg JL, Hurley BF: Effect of strength training on resting metabolic rate and physical activity: age and gender comparisons. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001, 33: 532-541.
Lewis JM: A phenomenological analysis of the physical activity experiences of youth and their parents. PhD Thesis. 2005, Dalhousie University (Canada)
Lindseth G, Vari P: Measuring physical activity during pregnancy. West J Nurs Res. 2005, 27: 722-734. 10.1177/0193945905276523.
Lof M, Hannestad U, Forsum E: Comparison of commonly used procedures, including the doubly-labelled water technique, in the estimation of total energy expenditure of women with special reference to the significance of body fatness. Br J Nutr. 2003, 90: 961-968. 10.1079/BJN2003975.
Lowther M, Mutrie N, Loughlan C, McFarlane C: Development of a Scottish physical activity questionnaire: a tool for use in physical activity interventions. Br J Sports Med. 1999, 33: 244-249.
Macfarlane DJ, Lee CC, Ho EY, Chan KL, Chan D: Convergent validity of six methods to assess physical activity in daily life. J Appl Physiol. 2006, 101: 1328-1334. 10.1152/japplphysiol.00336.2006.
Mader U, Martin BW, Schutz Y, Marti B: Validity of four short physical activity questionnaires in middle-aged persons. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2006, 38: 1255-1266. 10.1249/01.mss.0000227310.18902.28.
Mahabir S, Baer DJ, Giffen C, Clevidence BA, Campbell WS, Taylor PR, Hartman TJ: Comparison of energy expenditure estimates from 4 physical activity questionnaires with doubly labeled water estimates in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006, 84: 230-236.
Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Lopez-Fontana C, Varo JJ, Sanchez-Villegas A, Martinez JA: Validation of the Spanish version of the physical activity questionnaire used in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals' Follow-up Study. Public Health Nutr. 2005, 8: 920-927. 10.1079/PHN2005745.
Masse LC, Fulton JE, Watson KL, Mahar MT, Meyers MC, Wong WW: Influence of body composition on physical activity validation studies using doubly labeled water. J Appl Physiol. 2004, 96: 1357-1364. 10.1152/japplphysiol.00901.2003.
Masse LC, Eason KE, Tortolero SR, Kelder SH: Comparing participants' rating and compendium coding to estimate physical activity intensities. Meas Phys Edu Exer Sci. 2005, 9.
Matthews CE, Freedson PS: Field trial of a three-dimensional activity monitor: comparison with self report. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1995, 27: 1071-1078. 10.1249/00005768-199507000-00017.
Matthews CE, Freedson PS, Hebert JR, Stanek EJ, Merriam PA, Ockene IS: Comparing physical activity assessment methods in the Seasonal Variation of Blood Cholesterol Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000, 32: 976-984. 10.1097/00005768-200005000-00015.
Matthews CE, Ainsworth BE, Hanby C, Pate RR, Addy C, Freedson PS, Jones DA, Macera CA: Development and testing of a short physical activity recall questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005, 37: 986-994.
Matthews CE, Wilcox S, Hanby CL, Der AC, Heiney SP, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A: Evaluation of a 12-week home-based walking intervention for breast cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer. 2007, 15: 203-211. 10.1007/s00520-006-0122-x.
McDermott MM, Liu K, O'Brien E, Guralnik JM, Criqui MH, Martin GJ, Greenland P: Measuring physical activity in peripheral arterial disease: a comparison of two physical activity questionnaires with an accelerometer. Angiology. 2000, 51: 91-100. 10.1177/000331970005100201.
Mckeen NA: The meaning of motor activity: Emotion, temperament, mood, and laterality. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2001, 61.
Meriwether RA, McMahon PM, Islam N, Steinmann WC: Physical activity assessment: validation of a clinical assessment tool. Am J Prev Med. 2006, 31: 484-491. 10.1016/j.amepre.2006.08.021.
Miller DJ, Freedson PS, Kline GM: Comparison of activity levels using the Caltrac accelerometer and five questionnaires. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994, 26: 376-382.
Motl RW, McAuley E, Snook EM, Scott JA: Validity of physical activity measures in ambulatory individuals with multiple sclerosis. Disability & Rehabilitation. 2006, 28: 1151-1156. 10.1080/09638280600551476.
Ng AV, Kent-Braun JA: Quantitation of lower physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1997, 29: 517-523.
Otis RB, Brown AS, Womack CJ, Fonong T, Gardner AW: Relationship between physical activity recall and free-living daily physical activity in older claudicants. Angiology. 2000, 51: 181-188. 10.1177/000331970005100301.
Owens JF: Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors: A cross-sectional study of premenopausal women. PhD Thesis. 1989, University of Pittsburgh
Paton NI, Elia M, Jebb SA, Jennings G, Macallan DC, Griffin GE: Total energy expenditure and physical activity measured with the bicarbonate-urea method in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Sci. 1996, 91: 241-245.
Patterson SM, Krantz DS, Montgomery LC, Deuster PA, Hedges SM, Nebel LE: Automated physical activity monitoring: validation and comparison with physiological and self-report measures. Psychophysiology. 1993, 30: 296-305. 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1993.tb03356.x.
Paul DR, Rhodes DG, Kramer M, Baer DJ, Rumpler WV: Validation of a food frequency questionnaire by direct measurement of habitual ad libitum food intake. Am J Epidemiol. 2005, 162: 806-814. 10.1093/aje/kwi279.
Philippaerts RM, Westerterp KR, Lefevre J: Doubly labelled water validation of three physical activity questionnaires. Int J Ssports Med. 1999, 20: 284-289. 10.1055/s-2007-971132.
Philippaerts RM, Westerterp KR, Lefevre J: Comparison of two questionnaires with a tri-axial accelerometer to assess physical activity patterns. Int J Sports Med. 2001, 22: 34-39. 10.1055/s-2001-11359.
Pitta F, Troosters T, Spruit MA, Decramer M, Gosselink R: Activity monitoring for assessment of physical activities in daily life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005, 86: 1979-1985. 10.1016/j.apmr.2005.04.016.
Pols MA, Peeters PH, Kemper HC, Collette HJ: Repeatability and relative validity of two physical activity questionnaires in elderly women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1996, 28: 1020-1025.
Pongurgsorn C: A questionnaire for assessment of physical activity in Thailand. PhD Thesis. 2002, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Poudevigne MS, O'Connor PJ: Physical activity and mood during pregnancy. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005, 37.
Rauh MJ, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR, Sallis JF, Gleghorn A: Reliability and validity of self-reported physical activity in Latinos. Int J Epidemiol. 1992, 21: 966-971. 10.1093/ije/21.5.966.
Reis JP, Dubose KD, Ainsworth BE, Macera CA, Yore MM: Reliability and validity of the occupational physical activity questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005, 37: 2075-2083. 10.1249/01.mss.0000179103.20821.00.
Richardson MT, Leon AS, Jacobs DR, Ainsworth BE, Serfass R: Comprehensive evaluation of the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994, 47: 271-281. 10.1016/0895-4356(94)90008-6.
Richardson MT, Ainsworth BE, Wu HC, Jacobs DR, Leon AS: Ability of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC)/Baecke Questionnaire to assess leisure-time physical activity. Int J Epidemiol. 1995, 24: 685-693. 10.1093/ije/24.4.685.
Richardson MT, Ainsworth BE, Jacobs DR, Leon AS: Validation of the Stanford 7-day recall to assess habitual physical activity. Ann Epidemiol. 2001, 11: 145-153. 10.1016/S1047-2797(00)00190-3.
Rothenberg E, Bosaeus I, Lernfelt B, Landahl S, Steen B: Energy intake and expenditure: validation of a diet history by heart rate monitoring, activity diary and doubly labeled water. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998, 52: 832-838. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600655.
Rousham EK, Clarke PE, Gross H: Significant changes in physical activity among pregnant women in the UK as assessed by accelerometry and self-reported activity. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006, 60: 393-400. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602329.
Rutgers CJ, Klijn MJ, Deurenberg P: The assessment of 24-hour energy expenditure in elderly women by minute-by-minute heart rate monitoring. Ann Nutr Metab. 1997, 41: 83-88.
Rutter S: Estimates of energy expenditure in women and a biofeedback device for weight loss. PhD Thesis. 1990, University of New Hampshire
Saleh KJ, Mulhall KJ, Bershadsky B, Ghomrawi HM, White LE, Buyea CM, Krackow KA: Development and validation of a lower-extremity activity scale. Use for patients treated with revision total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005, 87: 1985-1994. 10.2106/JBJS.D.02564.
Schmidt MD, Freedson PS, Chasan-Taber L: Estimating physical activity using the CSA accelerometer and a physical activity log. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2003, 35: 1605-1611. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000084421.97661.17.
Schmidt MD, Freedson PS, Pekow P, Roberts D, Sternfeld B, Chasan-Taber L: Validation of the Kaiser Physical Activity Survey in pregnant women. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2006, 38: 42-50. 10.1249/01.mss.0000181301.07516.d6.
Schulz S, Westerterp KR, Bruck K: Comparison of energy expenditure by the doubly labeled water technique with energy intake, heart rate, and activity recording in man. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989, 49: 1146-1154.
Schulz LO, Harper IT, Smith CJ, Kriska AM, Ravussin E: Energy intake and physical activity in Pima Indians: comparison with energy expenditure measured by doubly-labeled water. Obes Res. 1994, 2: 541-548.
Sieminski DJ, Cowell LL, Montgomery PS, Pillai SB, Gardner AW: Physical activity monitoring in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. J Cardiopulm rehabil. 1997, 17: 43-47. 10.1097/00008483-199701000-00006.
Sims J, Smith F, Duffy A, Hilton S, Sims J, Smith F, Duffy A, Hilton S: The vagaries of self-reports of physical activity: a problem revisited and addressed in a study of exercise promotion in the over 65s in general practice. Family Practice. 1999, 16: 152-157. 10.1093/fampra/16.2.152.
Singh PN, Fraser GE, Knutsen SF, Lindsted KD, Bennett HW: Validity of a physical activity questionnaire among African-American Seventh-day Adventists. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2001, 33: 468-475. 10.1097/00005768-200103000-00021.
Sirard JR, Melanson EL, Li L, Freedson PS: Field evaluation of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. physical activity monitor. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000, 32: 695-700. 10.1097/00005768-200003000-00022.
Smith BJ, Marshall AL, Huang N: Screening for physical activity in family practice: evaluation of two brief assessment tools. Am J Prev Med. 2005, 29: 256-264. 10.1016/j.amepre.2005.07.005.
Sobngwi E, Mbanya JC, Unwin NC, Aspray TJ, Alberti KG: Development and validation of a questionnaire for the assessment of physical activity in epidemiological studies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Epidemiol. 2001, 30: 1361-1368. 10.1093/ije/30.6.1361.
Speck BJ, Looney SW: Self-reported physical activity validated by pedometer: a pilot study. Public Health Nurs. 2006, 23: 88-94. 10.1111/j.0737-1209.2006.230112.x.
Stanish HI, Draheim CC: Assessment of walking activity using a pedometer and survey in adults with mental retardation. Adapt Phys Activity Q. 2005, 22: 136-145.
Starling RD, Toth MJ, Matthews DE, Poehlman ET: Energy requirements and physical activity of older free-living African-Americans: a doubly labeled water study. J Clin Endocr Metab. 1998, 83: 1529-1534. 10.1210/jc.83.5.1529.
Steele R, Mummery K: Occupational physical activity across occupational categories. J Sci Med Sport. 2003, 6: 398-407. 10.1016/S1440-2440(03)80266-9.
Stel VS, Smit JH, Pluijm SM, Visser M, Deeg DJ, Lips P: Comparison of the LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire with a 7-day diary and pedometer. J Clin Epidemiol. 2004, 57: 252-258. 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2003.07.008.
Strath SJ, Bassett DR, Ham SA, Swartz AM: Assessment of physical activity by telephone interview versus objective monitoring. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003, 35: 2112-2118. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000099091.38917.76.
Strath SJ, Bassett DR, Swartz AM: Comparison of the college alumnus questionnaire physical activity index with objective monitoring. Ann Epidemiol. 2004, 14: 409-415. 10.1016/j.annepidem.2003.07.001.
Strycker LA, Duncan SC, Chaumeton NR, Duncan TE, Toobert DJ: Reliability of pedometer data in samples of youth and older women. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2007, 4: 4-10.1186/1479-5868-4-4.
Sugimoto A, Hara Y, Findley TW, Yoncmoto K: A useful method for measuring daily physical activity by a three-direction monitor. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1997, 29: 37-42.
Taylor CB, Coffey T, Berra K, Iaffaldano R, Casey K, Haskell WL: Seven-day activity and self-report compared to a direct measure of physical activity. Am J Epidemiol. 1984, 120: 818-824.
Timperio A, Salmon J, Crawford D: Validity and reliability of a physical activity recall instrument among overweight and non-overweight men and women. J Sci Med Sport. 2003, 6: 477-491. 10.1016/S1440-2440(03)80273-6.
Timperio A, Salmon J, Rosenberg M, Bull FC: Do logbooks influence recall of physical activity in validation studies?. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004, 36: 1181-1186. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000132268.74992.D8.
Verheul A-C, Prins AN, Kemper HCG, Kardinaal AFM, Van Erp-Baart M-A: Validation of a weight-bearing physical activity questionnaire in a study of bone density in girls and women. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 1998, 10.
Voorrips LE, Ravelli AC, Dongelmans PC, Deurenberg P, van Staveren WA: A physical activity questionnaire for the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991, 23: 974-979.
Walsh MC, Hunter GR, Sirikul B, Gower BA: Comparison of self-reported with objectively assessed energy expenditure in black and white women before and after weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004, 79: 1013-1019.
Wareham NJ, Jakes RW, Rennie KL, Mitchell J, Hennings S, Day NE: Validity and repeatability of the EPIC-Norfolk Physical Activity Questionnaire. Int J Epidemiol. 2002, 31: 168-174. 10.1093/ije/31.1.168.
Warms CA, Belza BL: Actigraphy as a measure of physical activity for wheelchair users with spinal cord injury. Nurs Res. 2004, 53: 136-143. 10.1097/00006199-200403000-00010.
Washburn RA, Smith KW, Jette AM, Janney CAW: The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE): development and evaluation. J Clin Epidemiol. 1993, 46: 153-162. 10.1016/0895-4356(93)90053-4.
Washburn RA, Ficker JL: Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE): the relationship with activity measured by a portable accelerometer. Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1999, 39 (4): 336-340.
Washburn RA, Jacobsen DJ, Sonko BJ, Hill JO, Donnelly JE: The validity of the Stanford Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall in young adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003, 35: 1374-1380. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000079081.08476.EA.
Welk GJ, Differding JA, Thompson RW, Blair SN, Dziura J, Hart P: The utility of the Digi-walker step counter to assess daily physical activity patterns. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000, 32: S481-S488. 10.1097/00005768-200009001-00007.
Welk GJ, Thompson RW, Galper DI: A temporal validation of scoring algorithms for the 7-day physical activity recall. Meas Phys Edu Exer Sci. 2001, 5.
Wendel-Vos GC, Schuit AJ, Saris WH, Kromhout D: Reproducibility and relative validity of the short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing physical activity. J Clin Epidemiol. 2003, 56: 1163-1169. 10.1016/S0895-4356(03)00220-8.
Whitt MC, Dubose KD, Ainsworth BE, Tudor-Locke C: Walking patterns in a sample of African American, Native American, and Caucasian women: the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study. Health Educ Behav. 2004, 31 ($ Suppl): 45S-56S. 10.1177/1090198104266034.
Wickel EE, Welk GJ, Eisenmann JC: Concurrent validation of the Bouchard Diary with an accelerometry-based monitor. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2006, 38: 373-379. 10.1249/01.mss.0000183344.46077.bb.
Wilbur J, Chandler P, Miller AM: Measuring adherence to a women's walking program. West J Nurs Res. 2001, 23: 8-24. 10.1177/01939450122044934.
Wilkinson S, Huang CM, Walker LO, Sterling BS, Kim M: Physical activity in low-income postpartum women. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2004, 36: 109-114. 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04022.x.
Williams E, Klesges RC, Hanson CL, Eck LH: A prospective study of the reliability and convergent validity of three physical activity measures in a field research trial. J Clin Epidemiol. 1989, 42: 1161-1170. 10.1016/0895-4356(89)90114-5.
Yamamura C, Tanaka S, Futami J, Oka J, Ishikawa-Takata K, Kashiwazaki H: Activity diary method for predicting energy expenditure as evaluated by a whole-body indirect human calorimeter. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 2003, 49: 262-269.
Adams SA, Matthews CE, Ebbeling CB, Moore CG, Cunningham JE, Fulton J, Hebert JR: The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activity. Am J Epidemiol. 2005, 161: 389-398. 10.1093/aje/kwi054.
Ainsworth BE, Jacobs DR, Leon AS, Richardson MT, Montoye HJ: Assessment of the accuracy of physical activity questionnaire occupational data. J Occup Med. 1993, 35: 1017-1027.
Barnard JA, Tapsell LC, Davies PS, Brenninger VL, Storlien LH: Relationship of high energy expenditure and variation in dietary intake with reporting accuracy on 7 day food records and diet histories in a group of healthy adult volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002, 56: 358-367. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601341.
Boulay MR, Serresse O, Almeras N, Tremblay A: Energy expenditure measurement in male cross-country skiers: comparison of two field methods. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1994, 26: 248-253. 10.1249/00005768-199402000-00017.
Clark D, Tomas F, Withers RT, Chandler C, Brinkman M, Phillips J, Berry M, Ballard FJ, Nestel P: Energy metabolism in free-living, 'large-eating' and 'small-eating' women: studies using 2H2(18)O. Br J Nutr. 1994, 72: 21-31. 10.1079/BJN19940006.
Davis JN: Comparisons of physical activity and dietary components in an overweight/obese population and their normal weight controls matched for gender, age and height. PhD Thesis. 2004, The University of Texas at Austin
Fogelholm M, Hiilloskorpi H, Laukkanen R, Oja P, Van Marken LW, Westerterp K: Assessment of energy expenditure in overweight women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998, 30: 1191-1197. 10.1097/00005768-199808000-00002.
Jakicic JM, Polley BA, Wing RR: Accuracy of self-reported exercise and the relationship with weight loss in overweight women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998, 30: 634-638.
Johnson-Kozlow M, Sallis JF, Gilpin EA, Rock CL, Pierce JP: Comparative validation of the IPAQ and the 7-day PAR among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006, 3: 7-10.1186/1479-5868-3-7.
Koulouri AA, Tigbe WW, Lean ME: The effect of advice to walk 2000 extra steps daily on food intake. J Human Nutr Diet. 2006, 19: 263-266. 10.1111/j.1365-277X.2006.00703.x.
Levin S, Jacobs DR, Ainsworth BE, Richardson MT, Leon AS: Intra-individual variation and estimates of usual physical activity. Ann Epidemiol. 1999, 9: 481-488. 10.1016/S1047-2797(99)00022-8.
Lovejoy JC, Champagne CM, Smith SR, de JL, Xie H: Ethnic differences in dietary intakes, physical activity, and energy expenditure in middle-aged, premenopausal women: the Healthy Transitions Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001, 74: 90-95.
Masse LC, Fulton JE, Watson KL, Heesch KC, Kohl HW, Blair SN, Tortolero SR: Detecting bouts of physical activity in a field setting. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1999, 70 (3): 212-219.
Miller CL: A symptom management intervention in diabetic coronary artery bypass graft patients. PhD Thesis. 2005, University of Nebraska Medical Center
Racette SB, Schoeller DA, Kushner RF: Comparison of heart rate and physical activity recall with doubly labeled water in obese women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995, 27: 126-133.
Richardson MT, Leon AS, Jacobs DR, Ainsworth BE, Serfass R: Ability of the Caltrac accelerometer to assess daily physical activity levels. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 1995, 15: 107-113. 10.1097/00008483-199503000-00003.
Seale JL, Klein G, Friedmann J, Jensen GL, Mitchell DC, Smiciklas-Wright H: Energy expenditure measured by doubly labeled water, activity recall, and diet records in the rural elderly. Nutr. 2002, 18: 568-573. 10.1016/S0899-9007(02)00804-3.
Sjostrom M, Yngve A, Ekelund U, Poortvliet E, Hurtig-Wennlof A, Nilsson A, Hagstromer M, Nylund K, Faskunger J: Physical activity in groups of Swedish adults: Are the recommendations feasible?. Scand J Nutr. 2002, 46.
Soundy A, Taylor A: Comparison of self-reported physical activity and accelerometer-generated data in individuals with severe mental illness. J Sports Sci. 2005, 23: 1223-1224.
Starling RD, Matthews DE, Ades PA, Poehlman ET: Assessment of physical activity in older individuals: a doubly labeled water study. J Appl Physiol. 1999, 86: 2090-2096.
Staten LK, Taren DL, Howell WH, Tobar M, Poehlman ET, Hill A, Reid PM, Ritenbaugh C: Validation of the Arizona Activity Frequency Questionnaire using doubly labeled water. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2001, 33: 1959-1967. 10.1097/00005768-200111000-00024.
Stein AD, Rivera JM, Pivarnik JM: Measuring energy expenditure in habitually active and sedentary pregnant women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003, 35: 1441-1446. 10.1249/01.MSS.0000079107.04349.9A.
Tzetzis G, Avgerinos A, Vernadakis N, Kioumourtzoglou E: Differences in self-reported perceived and objective measures of duration and intensity of physical activity for adults in skiing. Eur J Epidemiol. 2001, 17: 217-222. 10.1023/A:1017925731003.
Wadsworth D: Evaluation of a social cognitive theory based e-mail intervention to increase physical activity of college females. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2006, 66: 4766.
Buchowski MS, Townsend KM, Chen KY, Acra SA, Sun M: Energy expenditure determined by self-reported physical activity is related to body fatness. Obes Res. 1999, 7: 23-33.
Liu B, Woo J, Tang N, Ng K, Ip R, Yu A: Assessment of total energy expenditure in a Chinese population by a physical activity questionnaire: examination of validity. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2001, 52: 269-282. 10.1080/09637480120044138.
Lof M, Hannestad U, Forsum E: Assessing physical activity of women of childbearing age. Ongoing work to develop and evaluate simple methods. Food Nutr Bull. 2002, 23: 30-33.
Lof M, Forsum E: Activity pattern and energy expenditure due to physical activity before and during pregnancy in healthy Swedish women. Br J Nutr. 2006, 95: 296-302. 10.1079/BJN20051497.
Macfarlane DJ, Lee CC, Ho EY, Chan KL, Chan DT: Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of IPAQ (short, last 7 days). J Sci Med Sport. 2007, 10: 45-51. 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.003.
Richardson MT: Evaluation of the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire. PhD Thesis. 1991, University of Minnesota
Warms CA: Acceptability and feasibility of a lifestyle physical activity program for people with spinal cord injury (SCI): A pilot study. PhD Thesis. 2002, University of Washington
Blair SN, Haskell WL, Ho Ping, Paffenbarger RSJR, Vranizan KM, Farquhar JW, Wood PD: Assessment of habitual physical activity by a seven day recall in a community survey and controlled experiments. Am J Epidemiol. 1985, 122: 794-804.
Adams SA, Matthews CE, Ebbeling CB, Moore CG, Cunningham JE, Fulton J, Hebert JR: The effect of social desirability and social approval on self-reports of physical activity. [erratum appears in Am J Epidemiol. 2005 May 1;161(9):899]. AM J EPIDEMIOL. 2005, 161: 389-398. 10.1093/aje/kwi054.
Bland JM, Altman DG: Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet. 1986, 1 (8476): 307-310.
Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC, Irwin ML, Swartz AM, Strath SJ, O'Brien WL, Bassett DR, Schmitz KH, Emplaincourt PO, et al: Compendium of Physical Activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2000, 32: S498-S516. 10.1097/00005768-200009001-00009.
Tudor-Locke CE, Myers AM, Tudor-Locke CE, Myers AM: Challenges and opportunities for measuring physical activity in sedentary adults. Sports Med. 2001, 31: 91-100. 10.2165/00007256-200131020-00002.
Schoeller DA: Recent Advances from Application of Doubly Labeled Water to Measurement of Human Energy Expenditure. J Nutr. 1999, 129: 1765-1768.
Troiano RP, Berrigan D, Dodd K, Masse LC, Tilert T, McDowell M: Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008, 40: 181-188.
Ferrari P, Friedenreich C, Matthews CE: The role of measurement error in estimating levels of physical activity. Am J Epidemiol. 2007, 166: 832-840. 10.1093/aje/kwm148.